The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Diammonium-Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite with Phase-Segregated Interpenetrating Morphology for Photovoltaics
Ziren Zhou, Shuang Yang, Kaixuan Xu, Hong Wei Qiao, Jin Xie, Zeqing Lin, Bing Ge, Jingjing He, Mengjiong Chen, Jun Zhang, Yu Hou, Hua Gui Yang
The insertion of organic spacers into halide perovskite slabs has offered a trade-off between the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The layered structure of diammonium-intercalated cesium lead halide perovskites is virtually unexplored, in contrast to several works on the monoammonium system. In this report, we find that perovskite with 1,4-butanediammonium (BDA) and cesium cations can only form n = 1 and n = 2 layered isologues defined by the chemical formula of (BDA)Csn–1Pbn(I0.7Br0.3)3n+1, while the n = 3–4 ones will self-construct into unique heterostructures comprising separated quantum wells (QWs; n = 1–2) and 3D (n = ∞) perovskites. We highlight that the 2D/3D heterostructures show a structural resemblance to that of bulk heterojunction in organics, thus improving the charge separation and transport more than surface passivation. Solar cells based on the (BDA)Cs3Pb4I9.1Br3.9 (n = 4) absorbing layer delivered a power conversion efficiency (PCE) reaching 9.49% with ideal light and thermal stability.