Bimetallic synergistic Pd-Pt icosahedra as highly active peroxidase-like mimics for colorimetric analysis
Xiaoxue Zhao, Zhe Li, Shu'na Wang, Zhenfeng Yuan, Yizhong Lu
Thanks to the synergistic effect, the bimetallic catalysts show better catalytic activity than the single metal catalysts and become a focus of research in heterogeneous catalysis. In this study, we successfully prepared Pd-Pt icosahedra which show high peroxidase-like activity under the synergistic effects of Pd and Pt. Vmax of the Pd-Pt icosahedra was significantly enhanced by 1.66 times for 3,3’,5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) as the substrate and 1.23 times for H2O2 as the substrate, compared to that of the Pd icosahedra alone. By harnessing the superior peroxidase-like activity of Pd-Pt icosahedra, we successfully utilized Pd-Pt icosahedral nanozymes in various biological analyses based on colorimetry. In most cases, using a Pd-Pt icosahedra/H2O2/TMB system, glucose, glutathione (GSH), acid phosphatase (ACP), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were detected over a wide range of 0.05∼0.20 mM, 0∼20 mM, 0∼10 U/L and 0∼12 U/L. In this study, we prepared a novel bimetallic nanozyme that exhibited excellent peroxidase-like activity owing to the bimetallic synergistic effect, thus demonstrating the promising potential of Pd-Pt icosahedra in the field of bioanalysis.